Adjustment is the psychological and social resetting of your life. There are many factors that will affect how you adjust: things like age of onset, rate and severity of disease progression, living situation, and financial concerns.
Coping is how we deal with the changes. It is how we adjust and adapt to the nuances of our psychological, social, and personal functional needs. An individual’s coping mechanisms at the beginning of the disease are different from those at the various stages of the disease process. Someone who loses vision suddenly will need to overcome the shock of sudden disability, while someone with a slow, progressive onset of vision loss may have years to adjust and develop compensatory techniques. An individual with profound vision loss will need to work harder to compensate versus having to adapt to a milder vision impairment. One’s living situation, whether living alone or in a family unit, can impact the capability to cope, depending on the situation, either positively or even negatively. Sadly, financial resources can impact the capability to cope. While state and federal agencies provide some valuable services, those extras like electronic technology, transportation, and home assistance may be financially out of reach.
There are several emotional issues that can affect one’s capability to cope with a disability;
Loss of Independence